Pskov

 

 

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Pskov in Facts and Figures
Twin towns — Sister cities:
 Pskov is twinned with the following cities:

  • Arles, France
  • Bia?ystok, Poland
  • Chernihiv, Ukraine
  • Gera, Germany
  • Kuopio, Finland
  • Mianyang, China
  • Neuss, Germany
  • Nijmegen, Netherlands
  • Norrtälje, Sweden
  • Paderborn, Germany
  • Perth, United Kingdom
  • Roanoke, United States
  • Tartu, Estonia
  • Valmiera, Latvia
  • Vitebsk, Belarus

Location: in European part of Russian Federation, on the river Velikaya

Time Zone: GMT +3, Eastern +8
 

Founded: in 903  

Population:  202,780 

Area: 95.5 km2

Main river:  Volkhov River

Origin of the name:  The name of the city, originally spelled “Pleskov”, may be loosely translated as “the town of purling waters”.

Local government:  Governor

City’s birthday:  celebrated July 23

Main cultural attractions:
Kremlin
Trinity Cathedral
Izborsk
Pskovo-Pechersky Monastery

Pskov  preserves much of its medieval walls, built from the 13th century on. The Krom, or medieval citadel, looks as impressive as ever. Within its walls rises the 256-foot-tall Trinity Cathedral, founded in 1138 and rebuilt in the 1690s. The cathedral contains the tombs of saint princes Vsevolod (died in 1138) and Dovmont (died in 1299). Other ancient cathedrals adorn the Mirozhsky abbey (completed by 1152), St. John’s (completed by 1243), and the Snetogorsky monastery (built in 1310 and painted in 1313).
Pskov is exceedingly rich in tiny, squat, picturesque churches, dating mainly from the 15th and the 16th centuries. There are many dozens of them, the most notable being St. Basil’s on the Hill (1413), St. Kozma and Demian’s near the Bridge (1463), St. George’s from the Downhill (1494), Assumption from the Ferryside (1444, 1521), and St. Nicholas’ from Usokha (1536). The 17th-century residential architecture is represented by merchant mansions, such as the Salt House, the Pogankin chambers, and the Trubinsky mansion.

A Russian coin commemorating Pskov’s 1,100th anniversary
Among the sights in the vicinity of Pskov are Izborsk, a seat of Rurik’s brother in the 9th century and one of the most formidable fortresses of medieval Russia; the Pskov Monastery of the Caves, the oldest continually functioning monastery in Russia and a magnet for pilgrims from all over the country; the 16th-century Krypetsky Monastery; Elizarovo Monastery, which used to be a great cultural and literary centre of medieval Russia; and Mikhailovskoe, a family nest of Alexander Pushkin where he wrote some of the best known lines in the Russian language. The national poet of Russia is buried in the ancient cloister at the Holy Mountains nearby. Unfortunately, the area presently has only a very minimal tourist infrastructure, and the historic core of Pskov requires serious investments to realize its great tourist potential.