St. Petersburg in Facts and Figures
Location: Eastern Europe, the Eastern shore of the Baltic Sea (Gulf of Finland)
Latitude: 59 degrees 57′ North
Longitude: 30 degrees 19′ East
Time Zone: GMT +3, Eastern +8
Founded: 16 (27) May, 1703
City’s birthday: celebrated each year on May 27
Population: 4 million 750 thousand (as of January 1998)
How does St. Petersburg compare? The most Northern city in the world with a population over 1 million
Area: 1400 square kilometers
Main river: Neva. The city is located in the delta of the Neva River on numerous islands, a fact which prompted some observers to call it “The City on 101 Islands”
Main natural phenomena: White Nights in Summer and White Days in Winter
Origin of the name: Named in honor of St. Peter.
The name can be translated as “The City of St. Peter”. St. Petersburg.
May, 1703 – August, 1914 – St. Petersburg
August, 1914 – February, 1924- Petrograd
February, 1924 – July, 1991 – Leningrad
July, 1991 – Present – St. Petersburg
“The Venice of the North”(referring to St. Petersburg’s many rivers and canals)
“The Palmyra of the North”
“The Northern Capital of Russia” (referring to the centuries-old rivalry between St. Petersburg and Moscow)
Symbols: the Angel with a Cross (weather-vane on top of the Peter and Paul Cathedral)
the Little Ship – Korablik (weather-vane on top of the Admiralty tower)
The Seal: A sea anchor and a river anchor with a scepter – a symbol of royal power – on a red field.
Local government: The Governor and the Governor’s Office, The Legislative Assembly
Zoning: 20 administrative districts, including satellite towns under St. Petersburg’s jurisdiction
Main cultural attractions:
The Hermitage Museum
The Mariinsky Opera and Ballet Theater
The Imperial palace and park ensemble at Peterhof
Catherine Palace in Pushkin with faimous Amber room
Airports: Pulkovo-2 International & Pulkovo-1 Domestic
Train Stations: St. Petersburg five rail terminals (or vokzals) are:
Moskovsky Rail Terminal
Finland Rail Terminal
Ladozskii Rail Terminal
Baltiiskii Rail Terminal
Vitebskii Rail Terminal
Sea port: Passenger terminal on Vasilievsky Island
Saint-Petersburg was founded by Peter the Great on the 27th May, 1703.
The city plan was developed personally by Peter the Great. He has created a “regular city”, with the precise lay-out, built up on standard projects – a certain similarity of Amsterdam or Venice. So even today it is very easy to find your way in St Petersburg.
St Petersburg is a relatively young city, by both Russian and European standards, and was only founded in 1703 by Tsar Peter the Great. Despite its short life so far, Petersburg has a rich and exciting history. From the early days of Peter the Great “Venice of the North” to nowadays the city has always bustled with life and intrigue, revolution and mystery. Its beauty and romantics has inspired many famous Russian writes, artists and composers.
St. Petersburg is a beautiful and fascinating holiday destination and one of the most intriguing and historically significant cities in Europe. Whether you chose to visit the city in the midst of a romantic and snowy Russian Winter or during the dazzling White Nights of the summer months, you will be spellbound by St. Petersburg’s culture and beauty.
One of the world’s most beautiful cities, St. Petersburg gives many opportunities for an unforgettable travel experience: high art, lavish architecture, wild nightlife, an extraordinary history and rich cultural traditions, warm Russian hospitality and great range of cafes and restaurants ready to satisfy different taste and interest. From the mysterious twilight of the White Nights to world-beating opera and ballet productions on magical winter evenings, St. Petersburg charms and entices in every season.