Novgorod in Facts and Figures
Veliky Novgorod – Great Novgorod
Twin towns — Sister cities
Veliky Novgorod is twinned with:
- Bielefeld, Germany
- Cleveland Heights, United States
- Ivano-Frankivsk, Ukraine
- Nanterre, France
- Moss, Norway
- Rochester, United States
- Strasbourg, France
- Valga, Estonia
- Watford, United Kingdom
- Zibo, China
Location: in European part of Russian Federation, on the river Volkhoa, near the lake Ilmen. Coordinates – 58°31′ of north latitude and 31°17′ of east longitude.
Time Zone: GMT +3, Eastern +8
Area: 55,300 km²
Main river: Volkhov River
Origin of the name: Veliky Novgorod – Great Novgorod –
Novgorod( New town)
Local government: Governor of Novgorod Oblast
Main cultural attractions:
St Sophia Cathedral
Novgorod is one of the most ancient cities of Russia located in its North-West, near the site where the Volkhov River takes its waters from Lake Oilmen. The history of Novgorod is closely linked with all major stages in the life of Russian state. Novgorod is the motherland of Russian democratic and republican traditions, an important spirit of orthodox Russia.
Novgorod was one of Russia’s major centers of literacy and book production. Through many centuries, Novgorod was a firm fortress on the north and west borders of Russia. Original population of Novgorod was Fino-Ugric tribes. In the 6th century there came Slavic tribes.
The economic life and political cooperation was connected with international Baltic-Volga commercial route, passed through Volkhov, The fight in the international trade against the Scandinavian merchants assisted in acceleration of process in making national relationship. To the middle of the 9th century at the Volkhov river has formed a centre of political communication of tribes. In 862 the Novgorodians invited Scandinavian prince Rurik to keep law and order, thus giving birth to the prince Rurik dynasty that ruled over all Russian lands.
At the end of the 10th century there was built the cathedral of St. Sophia, the Holy Wisdom of God. Novgorodian Sophia impelled knyaz Yaroslav the Wise to build stone Sophia’s cathedral in 1037 in Kiev. After Christianize Novgorod became the spiritual centre of Russia.
Under Yaroslav the Wise Novgorodian public veche resumed its work; novgorodian aristocracy got the special judiciary laws and tax remissions.
At the end of the 10th century there was built the cathedral of St. Sophia, the Holy Wisdom of God. Novgorodian Sophia impelled knyaz Yaroslav the Wise to build stone Sophia’s cathedral in 1037 in Kiev. After Christianize Novgorod became the spiritual centre of Russia…
The 17th century began from the new misfortunes. In 1611-1617 it was occupied by Sweden. During the century Novgorod was the basic fortress at the north-west borders of Russia. The construction of Saint-Petersburg in the 18th century and moving the capital to the river of Neva brought to the loss of town’s importance.
However, Novogorod of today is a great center with unique cultural heritage, which can offer to the visitors the unforgettable experience to explore Old Russian culture, traditions and architecture…